Land Use Change

As the nickname of an agricultural country, Indonesia has a lot of potential for agriculture and plantations that can be used as a source of the country's economy. However, as the economic system changes and population increases, land is something that is needed for the interests of fields other than agriculture that continue to increase as well. In Indonesia, the amount of agricultural land has tended to decline from year to year due to the use of non-agricultural land transfers. Transfer of land function or conversion of lahah as a change in the initial function of the land to be another function both from a part of the whole land due to certain factors. Instead of land functions that occur around the city, even today it spreads to around rural areas to be used as non-agricultural land such as settlements, office buildings and various public facilities which are the impact of population increases from year to year.

Some things that encourage land use are rapid population growth, rising community needs, high costs of implementing agriculture, declining selling prices of agricultural products, lack of interest in the younger generation to manage agricultural land, shift to sectors that are considered more promising and weak regulation of controls land use change. The impact of land use change includes reduced agricultural and plantation land, declining national food production, threatening the balance of ecosystems, agricultural infrastructure becoming unused, the number of agricultural laborers losing their jobs, increasing food prices and high urbanization rates.

Photographer: Taupik Akbar

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